Restorative dentistry involves the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of the diseases of the teeth, their supporting structures and the rehabilitation of the dentition to functional and aesthetic requirements of the patient.
1. Dental Crowns
A dental crown is a restoration that covers (caps) the tooth completely. A crown is often needed when a large cavity threatens the ongoing health of the tooth. It is bounded to the tooth using a dental sement. Crowns can be made from many materials. They are often used to improve the strength or appearance of the teeth. The placement of a dental crown requires extensive preparation (reduction in size) of the natural tooth and the tooth will always need to be covered by a crown.
2. Dental Bridges
Dental bridges literally bridge the gap created by one or more missing teeth. A bridge is made up of two or more crowns of the teeth on either side of the gap (abutment teeth) and a false tooth or teeth in between. That provides support and stability. It involves the manipulation (reduction in size) of any adjacent teeth.
3. Full and Partial Removable Dentures
The removable full dentures are a full set of prosthetic teeth that are easily manipulated by the patient. The removable partial dentures are sets of prosthetic teeth that are held in place by metal clasps that attach the prosthesis to the adjacent natural teeth. They can easily be removed and reinserted into place by the patient.